Past Perfect 1
Past perfect is used when there are two past events.
The past perfect event happened first in time.
FIRST: The thief spent the money. THEN: The police caught the thief.

The thief had spent the money before the police caught him.
OR:Before the police caught the thief, he had spent the money.

"had spent" tells us that event happened first in time.

Past perfect key words: already, yet

Change the verbs to past perfect or simple past. 
1) First: Diego ate dinner. Then: Pablo came over.
Diego (eat)     had eaten    dinner already by the time Pablo (come)   came   over.
2) First: I finished my homework. Then: I went to bed.
I (go)     went    to bed after I (finish)     had finished    my homework.
3) First: Sam washed the dishes. Then: Sam turned on the TV. 
Sam (turn)    turned    on the TV after he (wash)     had washed    the dishes.
4) First: Frank threw the football. Then: Frank fell down.
Frank (fall)     fell    down after he (throw)     had thrown    the football.
5) First: I bought an airplane ticket. Then: Sara found a really good price. 
After I (buy)     had bought    an airplane ticket already, Sara (find)    found    a really good price.
6) Last night I started to make dinner at 5:30. At 6:00, My husband came home.
By the time my husband (come)     came    home, I (make)     had made    dinner already.
7) Yesterday Maria fed the cat and then she went to work.
Maria (go)     went    to work after she (feed)     had fed    the cat.
8) Peter was late. By the time he (get)     got    to the theater, the movie (start)     had started    already.
9) The teacher (give)     had given    an exam by the time Jorge (arrive)    arrived    at school.
10) We (play)     played    cards for several hours after the children (go)     went    to bed.
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