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Reprinted by permission of Betty Schrampfer Azar.
This exercise is from Azar, Understanding and Using English Grammar,
Third Edition (Longman, 2002), page 291; Betty Schrampfer Azar.
Directions: Change the adjective clauses to adjective phrases.
Special note: Delete the unnecessary text in the sentences, and make any necessary changes. This will save you a lot of time typing!

1) Dr. stanton, who is the president of the university, will give a speech at the commencement

2) Be sure to follow the instructions that are given at the top of the page.

3) The rules that allow public access to wilderness areas need to be reconsidered.

4) The photographs which were published in the newspaper were extraordinary.

5) There is almost no end to the problems that face a head of state.

6)  The psychologists who study the nature of sleep have made important discoveries.

7)  The experiment which was conducted at the University of Chicago was successful.

8)  Kuala Lumpur, which is the capital of the city of Malaysia, is a major trade center in
Southeast Asia.

9) Antarctica is covered by a huge ice cap that contains 70 percent of the earth's fresh water.

10)  When I went to Alex's house to drop off some paperwork, I met Jerry, who is his
longtime partner.

11)  Our solar system is in a galaxy that is called the Milky Way.

12)  Two out of three people who are struck by lightning survive.

13)  Simon Bolivar, who was a great South American general, led the fight for independence
early in the 19th century.

14)  Many of the students who hope to enter the university will be disappointed because only
one-tenth of those who apply for admission will be accepted.

15)  There must exist in a modern community a sufficient number of persons who possess the
technical skill that is required to maintain the numerous devices upon which our physical
comforts depend.

16)  Many famous people did not enjoy immediate success in their early lives. Abraham Lincoln, who
was one of the truly great presidents of the United States, ran for public office 26 times and
lost 23 of the elections. Walt Disney, who was the creator of Mickey Mouse and the founder
of his own movie production company, once was fired by a newspaper editor because he had no
good ideas. Thomas Edison, who was the inventor of the light bulb and the phonograph, was
believed by his teachers to be too stupid to learn. Albert Einstein, who was one of the greatest
scientists of all time, performed badly in almost all of his high school courses and failed his first
college entrance exam.

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